In today’s time, websites or tools play a vital role. Is it possible to imagine the world of web development without CSS? The answer is: No! There are many tools and frameworks available for web designers and developers to create user-friendly and browser-compatible websites and web pages. Whether you are an experienced developer or a fresher, you must have heard about two CSS frameworks – Bootstrap and TailwindCSS.
While Bootstrap is a component-based framework, TailwindCSS is a Utility-first framework. Both the framework brings their own set of features and benefits for the designers. The primary or noticeable difference between Bootstrap and TailwindCSS is that Bootstrap brings pre-made components that can help designers build websites or apps quickly; TailwindCSS requires you to create such components on your own.
Before we start digging, let's see what CSS Framework is and why we use it. In simple terms, a CSS framework is a collection of CSS style sheets that are prepped and ready to use.
Why use CSS frameworks?
- Speeds up your development
- Enables cross-browser functionality
- Ready-to-use classes
- Pre-defined styling rules
- Pre-built components
Let us take a tour to scrutinize the difference between Bootstrap and Tailwind CSS and try to give you the possible perception of this topic, which helps you determine which one is best for your next project.
The bootstrap team has taken huge steps to make the framework lightweight, simple, useful, and faster for the developer’s benefit, and the community has launched a new version. Bootstrap 5 has been released with significant updates like no jQuery, lots of new icons, and similar to Tailwind CSS concept of Utility.
Below is some major update you can see in Bootstrap 5:
- New logo
- New offcanvas component
- New accordion
- New and updated forms
- Added RTL
- Overhauled utilities
- jQuery was removed
- Responsive Font Sizes
- Drop Internet Explorer 10 and 11 support
- Change of gutter width unit of measurement
- Removed Card Decks
- Navbar Optimization
- Custom SVG icon library
- Class updates
Tailwind CSS has recently benefited from an upwards trend of popularity. An increasing number of front-end developers choose to stick with the new CSS Framework as a new alternative.
Websites made using Tailwind are more versatile, customizable, and lightweight compared to Bootstrap.
This framework is utility-based. This means that it is a low-level framework; it does not have a library of pre-designed components like a carousel, modal or buttons, etc. Instead, it has pre-written classes like margins, paddings, font size, and so on.
Here are some statistics based on Satisfaction, interest, usage, and awareness ratio rankings.
If you see the below graphs, you can see Tailwind CSS satisfaction and interest area have dramatically increased in the past two years while Bootstrap is still leading in Usage and Awareness.
Bootstrap has been used by many developers for around more than 10 years and hence became the most popular CSS. You can get countless support from Stackoverflow threads if you have specific situations.
On the other hand, Tailwind CSS doesn’t have a large community as compared to Bootstrap. However, it is growing day by day by increasing its tools.
So, which one to pick?
In my perception, picking Bootstrap or Tailwind CSS is based on your personal preference and the kind of website you want to build. If you're going to minimize your work and enjoy the predesigned components, you will go for bootstrap. On the other side, go for the Tailwind CSS if you want to customize the project on your own.
Based on the discussion, TailwindCSS is preferable if you are looking for faster development of the front-end. But if you are targeting responsive design, Bootstrap is all that you need. Bootstrap helps you get rid of writing browser-specific code in terms of browser compatibility, but nothing such is available with TailwindCSS. Bootstrap is a good choice for making responsive and high-quality-looking websites with minimal effort. Tailwind CSS is better for more customized and unique look projects.